At some point, most children go through a phase of not wanting to go to school. For others, that push can ebb and flo for years. My younger daughter has always had a difficult time going back after the Winter Break. There were tears in January through elementary school.
Smooth, calm morning – I understand their not wanting to go to school upset alone can be enough to knockout the feeling of a smooth, calm morning. They may lose it, you stay calm. Be the rock. If you need ideas to meet this goal, you might read Screamfree Parenting by Runkel or Peaceful Parent, Happy Kids by Markham.
Matter of fact empathy – When your child is upset, it is best to start there. Matter of fact empathy mean acknowledge the emotion, then continue with the routine. On a difficult morning this might be, “I know you are upset, you don’t want to go,” as you help put on their shoes.” “I hear you want to stay home. I like staying home with you too,” as you walk them in. You are recognizing emotions and moving forward. Avoid starting with denial or reasoning. Denial would be “You like school. This shouldn’t be so hard.” Reasoning is “All of your friends are there, you’ll have fun at school.” Denial and reasoning are fuel for the argument.
Focus on the routine – It may be helpful to refocus on the routine. Talk to your child about the time available, steps that need to be done and the order. It may be helpful to make a chart together to keep track of the morning. Within each step, it’s often good to offer choices or challenges. When it’s time to get dressed, they might get dressed on the bed or the floor. A challenge might be racing you to get dressed. Here’s a blog post focused on improving your morning routine. If it is truly difficult to get through the morning, you might also start 15 minutes earlier to give everyone a chance to relax.
Note any patterns – By day two the second year of Claire’s January blues, I was ready. Maybe it’s worse in September in your house. Maybe Mondays each week are hardest. Most things are easier when you see them coming. Knowing the pattern can help you plan.
Speak with teacher – Whenever there’s a school related difficulty, good to check in with the teacher. The teacher may be able to point to something specific happening at school, or may let you know everything seems fine once child is there. Either way, it’s helpful information. You might also ask the teacher for help. This might include setting up a specific way for your child to start school each day. Coming into a known situation (everyday the first thing will be this) may be easier than not knowing day to day. This might be giving your child a morning buddy, a friend to be together with for first transition activities and classwork.
Speak with your child – Occasionally and out of the moment, ask them what’s going on in the mornings before school. Ask what they are thinking about. Ask if there’s anything they are happy about, worried about, excited about, scared about at school. One question here and there, in a relaxed tone, at a calm time may be helpful.
Organize 1:1 playdates with a variety of kids from the class – Playdates give kids a chance to get to know their classmates. The more positive social connections they have with classmates, the more they might want to go to school.
Carpool – So this might be more time consumming than the initial push to avoid school but your child may be more willing to go if they arrive with a friend. If your child is a bus rider this may mean having a bus stop buddy or asking the bus driver to help with seating friends together.
Alternate who manages the morning or drops off – It may be easier for a child to move through the morning or separate for one parent than another or from a sitter or grandparent versus a parent (if that’s available, even short term).
Things to bring – Not everyday, but occasionally it may be helpful to have something for your child to take to school or to deliver. This might be something small to show his teachers or friends, a note he wrote or drew to someone, a snack to share with the classs, a thing you need delivered to the office or guidance counselor.
Open talk time – As children move into late elementary school, keeping communication open is so important. Open talk time is an easy way to work towards that goal. This allows time for the child to vent and be heard, for you both to work through things in a calm exchange.
Address any known causes – If there are academic concerns, revisit your homework plans, find new ways to practice the needed skills, hire a tutor. If it’s a social concern, meet with the guidance counselor, coach your child on ways to manage, follow up with the teacher. On either front continue to monitor and follow up with interventions as needed. Do what’s needed to support your child in the area of concern
Read related storybooks – For younger children I Love You All Day Long, Llama Llama Misses Mama, The Kissing Hand or DW’s Guide to Preschool. For older children Sophie’s Squash Go to School, The Brand New Kid or Sometimes I Worry Too Much but Now I Know How to Stop.
Read related parenting books – If it becomes a longer term or bigger issue, helpful parenting books include Helping Your Child Overcome Separation Anxiety or School Refusal by Eisen and Engler or When Children Refuse School by Kearney and Albano.
There are also therapists who work with children around anxiety issues and school refusal.